The History of Non-Woven Fabrics
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The History of Non-Woven Fabrics

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Non-woven fabric is composed of oriented or random fibers. It is a new generation of environmentally friendly materials, which has the characteristics of moisture-proof, breathable, flexible, light weight, non-combustible, easy to decompose, non-toxic and non-irritating, rich in color, low price, and recyclable. Polypropylene (PP material) pellets are mostly used as raw materials, which are produced by a continuous one-step method of high-temperature melting, spinning, laying, and hot-pressing.

1. The development of non-woven textile industry

The industrial production of non-woven fabrics in the modern sense began to appear in 1878, when the British company William Bywater successfully developed a needle punching machine in the world. In 1900, the United States James Hunter (James Hunter) company began the development and research on the industrial production of non-woven fabrics. In 1942, a company in the United States produced thousands of yards of non woven fabrics made by bonding, and started the industrial production of nonwoven fabrics, and officially named the product "Nonwoven fabric". In 1951, the United States developed a melt blown non-woven fabric. In 1959, the United States and Europe successfully studied spun-laid non-woven fabrics. At the end of the 1950s, the low-speed paper machine was transformed into a wet-laid non-woven fabric machine, and the production of wet-laid non-woven fabrics began. From 1958 to 1962, the Chicot Company of the United States obtained the patent for the production of non-woven fabrics by the spunlace method, and it was not until the 1980s that it officially started mass production. As of 1998, the world's consumption of non-woven fabrics has reached 2.4 million tons. In 1970, its consumption was only 400,000 tons, and by 2007, its consumption reached 4 million tons.

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Manufacturers of non-woven fabrics are mainly concentrated in the United States (41% of the world), Western Europe accounted for 30%, and Japan accounted for 8%. In 2018, China's non-woven fabric output was 5.932 million tons, accounting for 37.91% of the global total, and the world's largest production capacity. 63% of the fibers used in the production of non-woven fabrics worldwide are polypropylene, 23% polyester, 8% viscose, 2% acrylic fiber, 1.5% polyamide, and the remaining 3% other fiber. The application of non-woven fabrics in packaging materials, medical supplies, transportation tools, and textile materials for shoemaking has increased significantly.

2. Non-woven fabric production and consumption

The global consumption of non-woven fabrics was 800,000 tons in 1983, and increased to 1.1 million tons in 1985, 1.4 million tons in 1988, and by 1998, global non-woven fabric consumption reached 2.4 million tons.

The consumption of man-made fibers used in various textiles was 16.9 million tons in 1983, increased to 20.4 million tons in 1988, reached 30.4 million tons in 1998, and reached 37 million tons in 2005. Reached 38.3 million tons.

The consumption growth rate of man-made fibers in the production of non-woven fabrics is expected to reach 10% in 2005 and 10.4% in 2007.

Part of the reason why the consumption of the non-woven fabric industry has grown so fast is the increase in auxiliary industries in China, Southeast Asia, Latin America and the Middle East.


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